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IEVref:102-03-18ID:
Language:enStatus: Standard
Term: Hermitian product
Synonym1:
Synonym2:
Synonym3:
Symbol:
Definition: complex scalar, denoted by U V * MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaahwfacqGHflY1ca WHwbWaaWbaaSqabeaacaGGQaaaaaaa@3A31@ , attributed to any pair of vectors U and V in a complex vector space by a given function, with the following properties:

  • V U * = (U V * ) * MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaahAfacqGHflY1ca WHvbWaaWbaaSqabeaacaGGQaaaaOGaeyypa0JaaiikaiaahwfacqGH flY1caWHwbWaaWbaaSqabeaacaGGQaaaaOGaaiykamaaCaaaleqaba GaaiOkaaaaaaa@4261@ ,
  • (αU) V * =α(U V * ) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaacIcacqaHXoqyca aMc8UaaCyvaiaacMcacqGHflY1caWHwbWaaWbaaSqabeaacaGGQaaa aOGaeyypa0JaeqySdeMaaGPaVlaacIcacaWHvbGaeyyXICTaaCOvam aaCaaaleqabaGaaiOkaaaakiaacMcaaaa@4933@ and U (βV) * = β * (U V * ) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaahwfacqGHflY1ca GGOaGaeqOSdiMaaCOvaiaacMcadaahaaWcbeqaaiaacQcaaaGccqGH 9aqpcqaHYoGydaahaaWcbeqaaiaacQcaaaGccaGGOaGaaCyvaiabgw SixlaahAfadaahaaWcbeqaaiaacQcaaaGccaGGPaaaaa@4706@ where α and β are complex scalars,
  • (U+V) W * =U W * +V W * MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaacIcacaWHvbGaey 4kaSIaaCOvaiaacMcacqGHflY1caWHxbWaaWbaaSqabeaacaGGQaaa aOGaeyypa0JaaCyvaiabgwSixlaahEfadaahaaWcbeqaaiaacQcaaa GccqGHRaWkcaaMe8UaaCOvaiabgwSixlaahEfadaahaaWcbeqaaiaa cQcaaaaaaa@4A9C@ for every vector W existing in the same vector space,
  • U U * >0 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaahwfacqGHflY1ca WHvbWaaWbaaSqabeaacaGGQaaaaOGaeyOpa4tcLbuacaaIWaaaaa@3CAB@ for U0 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaahwfacqGHGjsUie qajugqbiaa=bdaaaa@3CDC@ ,

where the asterisk denotes the conjugate vector

Note 1 to entry: In an n-dimensional space with orthonormal base vectors the Hermitian product of two vectors U and V is the sum of the products of each coordinate U i MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaaCyvaOWaaS baaSqaaKqzGdGaamyAaaWcbeaaaaa@3CD7@ of the vector U and the conjugate of the corresponding coordinate V i MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaaCOvaOWaaS baaSqaaKqzGdGaamyAaaWcbeaaaaa@3CD8@ of the vector V:

U V * = i U i V i * MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaaCyvaiabgw SixlaahAfakmaaCaaaleqabaGaaiOkaaaajugqbiabg2da9OWaaabu aeaacaWHvbWaaSbaaSqaaiaadMgaaeqaaOGaaCOvamaaBaaaleaaca WGPbaabeaakmaaCaaaleqabaGaaiOkaaaaaeaacaWGPbaabeqdcqGH ris5aaaa@448F@

Note 2 to entry: For two complex vectors or two complex vector quantities U and V either the Hermitian product U V * MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaaCyvaiabgw SixlaahAfakmaaCaaaleqabaGaaiOkaaaaaaa@3AEA@ or a conjugate Hermitian product U * V MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaaCyvaiabgw SixlaahAfakmaaCaaaleqabaGaaiOkaaaaaaa@3AEA@ may be used depending on the application. The Hermitian product U U * MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaaCyvaiabgw SixlaahAfakmaaCaaaleqabaGaaiOkaaaaaaa@3AEA@ or U * U MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaaCyvaiabgw SixlaahAfakmaaCaaaleqabaGaaiOkaaaaaaa@3AEA@ is a real scalar or a real scalar quantity, respectively.

Note 3 to entry: The Hermitian product is denoted by a half-high dot () between the two symbols representing one vector and the conjugate of the other.


Publication date:2008-08
Source:
Replaces:
Internal notes:2017-02-20: Editorial revisions in accordance with the information provided in C00019 (IEV 102) - evaluation. JGO
2017-08-24: replaced a ">" in 4th bullet point with a ">". LMO
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