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IEVref:131-11-30ID:
Language:enStatus: Standard
Term: instantaneous power
Synonym1:
Synonym2:
Synonym3:
Symbol: p
Definition: for a two-terminal element or a two-terminal circuit with terminals A and B, product of the voltage u AB MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgaruWqVvNCPvMCG4uz 3bqee0evGueE0jxyaibaieYdi9WrpeeC0lXdi9qqqj=hEeeu0lXdbb a9frFj0xb9Lqpepeea0xd9s8qiYRWxGi6xij=hbba9q8aq0=yq=He9 q8qiLsFr0=vr0=vr0db8meaabaGacmGadiWaaiWabaabaiaafaaake aacaWG1bWaaSbaaSqaaiGacgeacaGGcbaabeaaaaa@3C40@ between the terminals and the electric current i in the element or circuit

p= u AB i MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgaruWqVvNCPvMCG4uz 3bqee0evGueE0jxyaibaieYdi9WrpeeC0lXdi9qqqj=hEeeu0lXdbb a9frFj0xb9Lqpepeea0xd9s8qiYRWxGi6xij=hbba9q8aq0=yq=He9 q8qiLsFr0=vr0=vr0db8meaabaGacmGadiWaaiWabaabaiaafaaake aacaWGWbGaeyypa0JaamyDamaaBaaaleaaciGGbbGaaiOqaaqabaGc cqGHflY1caWGPbaaaa@417D@

where u AB MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgaruWqVvNCPvMCG4uz 3bqee0evGueE0jxyaibaieYdi9WrpeeC0lXdi9qqqj=hEeeu0lXdbb a9frFj0xb9Lqpepeea0xd9s8qiYRWxGi6xij=hbba9q8aq0=yq=He9 q8qiLsFr0=vr0=vr0db8meGabaGacmGadiWaaiWabaabaiaafaaake aacaWG1bWaaSbaaSqaaiaacgeacaGGcbaabeaaaaa@3C40@ is the line integral of the electric field strength from A to B, and where the electric current in the element or circuit is taken positive if its direction is from A to B and negative if its direction is from B to A

Note 1 to entry: The direction of electric current is as defined in 131-11-29.

Note 2 to entry: In circuit theory the electric field strength is generally irrotational and thus u AB = v A v B MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgaruWqVvNCPvMCG4uz 3bqee0evGueE0jxyaibaieYdi9WrpeeC0lXdi9qqqj=hEeeu0lXdbb a9frFj0xb9Lqpepeea0xd9s8qiYRWxGi6xij=hbba9q8aq0=yq=He9 q8qiLsFr0=vr0=vr0db8meaabaGacmGadiWaaiWabaabaiaafaaake aacaWG1bWaaSbaaSqaaiGacgeacaGGcbaabeaakiabg2da9iaadAha daWgaaWcbaGaaiyqaaqabaGccqGHsislcaWG2bWaaSbaaSqaaiaack eaaeqaaaaa@4220@ , where v A MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgaruWqVvNCPvMCG4uz 3bqee0evGueE0jxyaibaieYdi9WrpeeC0lXdi9qqqj=hEeeu0lXdbb a9frFj0xb9Lqpepeea0xd9s8qiYRWxGi6xij=hbba9q8aq0=yq=He9 q8qiLsFr0=vr0=vr0db8meaabaGacmGadiWaaiWabaabaiaafaaake aacaWG2bWaaSbaaSqaaiGacgeaaeqaaaaa@3B7B@ and v B MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgaruWqVvNCPvMCG4uz 3bqee0evGueE0jxyaibaieYdi9WrpeeC0lXdi9qqqj=hEeeu0lXdbb a9frFj0xb9Lqpepeea0xd9s8qiYRWxGi6xij=hbba9q8aq0=yq=He9 q8qiLsFr0=vr0=vr0db8meaabaGacmGadiWaaiWabaabaiaafaaake aacaWG2bWaaSbaaSqaaiaackeaaeqaaaaa@3B7A@ are the electric potentials at terminals A and B, respectively.

Note 3 to entry: The coherent SI unit of instantaneous power is watt, W.


Publication date:2013-08
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