(Untitled) (Untitled)(Untitled) (Untitled)(Untitled) (Untitled)(Untitled) (Untitled)(Untitled)Examples




IEVref:102-03-39ID:
Language:enStatus: Standard
Term: tensor of the second order
Synonym1: tensor
Synonym2:
Synonym3:
Symbol:
Definition: bilinear form defined for any pair of vectors of an n-dimensional Euclidean vector space

Note 1 to entry: For a given orthonormal base, a tensor T of the second order can be represented by n 2 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaamOBaOWaaW baaSqabeaajug4aiaaikdaaaaaaa@3CAF@ components T ij MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaamivaOWaaS baaSqaaKqzGdGaamyAaiaadQgaaSqabaaaaa@3DC1@ , generally presented in the form of a square matrix, such that T attributes to the pair of vectors U and V the scalar i,j=1 n T ij U i V j MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaamaaqahabaGaamivam aaBaaaleaacaWGPbGaamOAaaqabaaabaGaamyAaiaacYcacaWGQbGa eyypa0tcLboacaaIXaaaleaacaWGUbaaniabggHiLdGccaWGvbWaaS baaSqaaiaadMgaaeqaaOGaamOvamaaBaaaleaacaWGQbaabeaaaaa@487E@ , where U i MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaadwfadaWgaaWcba GaamyAaaqabaaaaa@3AC1@ and V j MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiaadAfadaWgaaWcba GaamOAaaqabaaaaa@3AC3@ are the coordinates of vectors U and V.

Note 2 to entry: A tensor of the second order can be defined by a bilinear form applied to two vectors (covariant tensor), to two linear forms (contravariant tensor), or to a vector and a linear form (mixed tensor). This distinction is not necessary for a Euclidean space. It is also possible to generalize to tensors of order n defined by n-linear forms and for which the components have n indices. Tensors of order 1 are considered as vectors and tensors of order 0 are considered as scalars.

Note 3 to entry: A tensor is indicated by a letter symbol in bold-face sans-serif type or by two arrows above a letter symbol: T or T ou T MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaiqadsfagaWcgaWcaa aa@39C9@ . The tensor T with components T ij MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaamivaOWaaS baaSqaaKqzGdGaamyAaiaadQgaaSqabaaaaa@3DC1@ can be denoted ( T ij ) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqk0di9Wr=fpeei0di9v8qiW7rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaKqzafGaaiikaiaads fakmaaBaaaleaajug4aiaadMgacaWGQbaaleqaaKqzafGaaiykaaaa @3FC9@ .

Note 4 to entry: A complex tensor T is defined by a real part and an imaginary part: T=A+jB MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipG0dh9qqWrVepG0dbbL8F4rqqrVepeea0xe9LqFf0xc9q8qqaq Fn0lXdHiVcFbIOFHK8Feea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdHuk9fr=xfr=xfrpe WZqaaeaaciWacmGadaGadeaabaGaaqaaaOqaaGqadKqzGeGaa8hvaO Gaeyypa0tcLbsacaWFbbGccqGHRaWkjugibiaacQgacaWFcbaaaa@3C4C@ where A and B are real tensors.


Publication date:2008-08
Source:
Replaces:
Internal notes:2017-02-20: Editorial revisions in accordance with the information provided in C00019 (IEV 102) - evaluation. JGO
CO remarks:
TC/SC remarks:
VT remarks:
Domain1:
Domain2:
Domain3:
Domain4:
Domain5: